Rough Terrain Masted

Rough Terrain Masted

J1 Masted Rough Terrain Training


The Ribble Valley course content is very comprehensive and so cardholders are able to use their skills when performing duties with any type of plant equipment, the course consists of 13 modules (The course duration is one day for experienced candidates and up to two days for novice candidates. A maximum of four candidates can attend a novice course. Both courses culminate in a written and practical examination.


The assessment process is set by Ribble Valley and administered by the instructor. It consists of two theoretical assessments and one practical. The theoretical assessments consist of a set of multiple choice and ‘open’ questions. The practical assessment is designed to identify whether the candidate has the appropriate practical skills to perform their duties on the required plant safely and efficiently.


Upon successful completion of the course every candidate will receive a certificate and will be registered on the Ribble Valley database. The certificate is valid for three years, after which time refresher training and assessments will need to be undertaken.


The strength of Ribble Valley training comes from the technical and training knowledge on its Training Standards Committee. The Committee is made up of training and technical professionals from all the major loader crane manufacturers and importers within the UK. In addition, the Health and Safety Executive is represented. The Committee develops, consults upon and maintains all the training standards set by Ribble Valley

Rough Terrain Masted

1. Vertical Mast Rough Terrain Forklift 

A vertical mast rough terrain lift is designed with two large tires at the front of the machine with two smaller tires at the rear. It is ruggedly built to be used primarily outdoors on natural or uneven terrain. Because rough terrain vertical mast forklifts are larger and made to handle heavier loads than vertical mast counterbalanced forklifts, they require more space to operate as well as a sturdy surface that offers substantial support. Operators need to always be wary of soft, muddy ground. All workers need to be trained to operate rough terrain vertical mast forklifts to learn about safe load handling and load weight-to-lift height capabilities. 



2. Variable Reach Rough Terrain Forklift 

This type of rough terrain lift is vehicle-mounted and fitted with a telescopic boom lift, which allows this machine to pick up and transport loads at various distances and heights. The boom can reach out directly in front of the forklift, and it can be extended to raise directly above it. Variable reach rough terrain forklifts were originally built for residential and commercial masonry trades. This machine is designed with a low stowed height to allow for superior manoeuvrability through entryways. Due to the presence of the boom lift, this machine is considered a partially loaded truck even without a load on the attachment. Workers need to be trained in proper load management before operating this forklift. 



3. Truck/Trailer Mounted Rough Terrain Forklift 

A truck or trailer mounted rough terrain lift is a portable, self-propelled design that is most often transported to a work site. This forklift is mounted on a carrier which is attached to the back of the truck or trailer and is used to unload heavy loads from the truck or trailer. It can be used on natural, unimproved outdoor terrain and disturbed terrain on a work site, but it is important to note that not all truck or trailer mounted forklifts are considered to be rough terrain. Forklift certification training covers the various types of truck/trailer mounted forklifts and their primary differences.

Ribble Valley has exceptional rough terrain forklift training for all of your HSE compliance needs. Because all-terrain forklifts are used in more hazardous conditions than indoor lifts, it’s important that you have the necessary safety training. Get signed up with Ribble Valley today! In just one easy step, you’re on your way to providing rough terrain forklift training and certification to your entire workforce!

Rough Terrain Forklift Operator Certification Needs


 Certification is a must-have for anyone who uses an all-terrain forklift at any worksite. It is available to anyone who completes a certification training program. A typical certification training program for all-terrain forklift operators can be completed in as little as one day (experienced refresher). The program provides insights into safe operation and maintenance of an all-terrain forklift. It also explains how operators can identify and address common forklift safety dangers. 

After completing a certification training exam administered by an authorised trainer, an individual can earn their all-terrain forklift operator license. He or she will need to renew their license within three years of issue to ensure it remains valid. 



Consequences of Not Certifying Employees to Drive an All-Terrain Forklift


Businesses cannot allow all-terrain forklift drivers to operate a lift without a valid license. Otherwise, these companies can face myriad consequences. 

HSE penalises businesses that do not comply with its forklift safety requirements. HSE penalties can total tens of thousands of Pounds. And it can put a business’ brand reputation and revenues at risk. 

Also, unlicensed all-terrain forklift operators are ill-equipped to drive a lift. These operators may struggle to identify forklift hazards. As a result, they can cause forklift accidents, along with associated injuries and fatalities. 




Course Content:

  • Course introduction and induction
  • Health & safety at work act 1974
  • Lifting operations and lifting equipment regulations 1998
  • Provision & use of work equipment regulations 1998.
  • Approved code of practice
  • Operator safety and observation
  • Pre-Shift checks & test
  • Defect reporting procedures
  • Lift Truck stability – engineering principles and weight assessment
  • Driving within simulated working conditions
  • Manoeuvring skills
  • Rated capacity & load centres
  • Hydraulic system and use of the controls
  • Stacking & de-stacking – load handling skills
  • Vehicle loading and offloading
  • Refuelling and recharging procedures including battery handling and housing
  • Theoretical examination
  • Practical examination



1-day refresher course for up to 3 existing operators – delegates who have already held a valid certification for a R/T Straight Mast forklift truck

2-3-day Novice / Semi-novice training course for up to 3 delegates -who have some but little experience on a R/T Straight Mast forklift truck




Each delegate will be given a theoretical (multi-choice format) test to assess their job-related safety knowledge, pre-use and a practical test, upon successful completion a certificate of basic training will be awarded.


When conducting training at customers’ premises we will require the following:

  • An open area either indoors or outdoors
  • Several pallets both empty and loaded
  • The use of any racking if available


FLT Mounting Click Here

FLT Notes 1 Click Here

FLT Notes 2 Click Here

FLT Notes 3 Click Here

FLT Notes 4 Click Here

FLT Questions Click Here

FLT Trainee Notes Click Here

On Site Practical Test Click Here

HSE Guidance Safe Use Of Vehicles On Construction Sites  Click Here

Mobile Plant Reversing & Visibility Aids Click Here

Health & Safety Advice For Plant Operations Click Here

Masted forklift truck Safety Notes

  • Masted forklifts (excluding telescopic handlers) come in a variety of types including industrial counterbalanced, side loader, reach truck and rough terrain. All are equipped with a hydraulically operated and tilting mast that allows loads to be lifted, carried and placed at height. This factsheet covers all these types; although the rough terrain version is the most commonly used within the construction and allied sectors. 


  • As with all plant and equipment, thorough pre-use checks must be undertaken which follow manufacturer’s requirements. This information is usually found within the operator’s manual, which should be with the machine, or on decals placed around the machine. 


  • Checks on the mast and forks are one of the many checks that should be taken before work starts. 


  • The forks are prone to wear, particularly through misuse, with wear mainly occurring at the heel, or back end, of the forks. This is a potential weak area and as one or both forks may bend or break, the wear must be measured against manufacturer’s specifications. 


  • Checks also need to be made to the lift chains in the mast and must be of equal length, as unequal length chains could result in a load being lifted that is not level laterally. 


  • Where the operator notices a fault or is unsure whether the machine is safe to use, they must report any fault or defects immediately and place the forklift out of service. 


  • Using a machine with a defect, such as a leaking tilt hydraulic ram, could become rapidly worse during use and, although an operator may decide that the fault is minor and the forklift can be used, they may not be sufficiently qualified or experienced to make that judgement. 


  • Incidents have occurred with forklifts where the tyres, particularly the front set, are of different sizes or of different load-bearing capacities. This is usually because the tyres have been changed due to wear or damage, but they have not been replaced with the correct types. Different sized front tyres mean that the forklift may not be level when picking and placing loads, especially at height, so it may become unstable. 


  • Some masted forklifts use attachments such as buckets and clamps. The operator must have had relevant training on both how to safely and correctly fit the attachment, and how the attachment must be used. Working safely and with others (Working safely) 


  • The majority of forklift operations occur within congested and confined areas where there are movements of other machines, vehicles and people for which the operator must be aware of these movements when operating the machine. • Statistics show that collisions with pedestrians form a large part of forklift-related incidents. Where pedestrians need to share the same route as forklifts, or any plant or vehicle, then a segregated walkway must be provided. Signs warning of forklift movements are not a sufficient alternative, only an addition. 


  • Reversing any forklift is hazardous. The operator must ensure that the route they intend to take is clear of people and vehicles before they move. Operators should check all mirrors, then look over both shoulders before moving, and maintain all-round vision, looking particularly in the direction of travel. 


  • When travelling in the workplace, an appropriate speed must be kept for the conditions and environment, in order to allow the operator time to react to situations, such as slowing down if a pedestrian crosses the path of the forklift. 


  • If the operator brakes sharply, there is the additional danger, apart from possible collision, in that any load could slide from the forks. 


  • Masted forklifts operate in a variety of places which can contain overhead hazards such as power lines. The mast must be kept well clear of any overhead power lines. Guidance issued by the energy networks utilities indicates.


What minimum distances must be kept from overhead power lines and the higher the voltage in the power line, the greater the distance that must be kept. This is to reduce the danger of arcing if the mast is close to but not actually touching the power line. 


  • Operators regularly need to leave the operating seat to, for example, make adjustments to the forks for different types of loads. In all cases, the forklift’s handbrake must be applied, transmission put in neutral, and the engine switched off before the operator leaves their seat. 


  • It has been known for a transmission or operating lever to be inadvertently knocked into drive when the operator exits the seat, causing unintended machine movement. Lifting loads and using attachments (Working tasks) 


  • Before any load is lifted, the operator needs to know the weight of the load, and to what height it can be safely lifted which is provided by the machines rated or lift capacity chart or decal. 


  • Using a forklift where the maximum lifting capacity is regularly reached for the desired height increases the risk of overloading the machine and can become unstable. 


  • The weight of any load is determined by its size and density – for example, a pack of house bricks will be heavier than a same-sized pack of aerated breeze-type blocks – meaning that operators can’t establish the weight of a load by size, height, width and length alone. 


  • The operator must also be able to determine the load centre (the point that the load is in balance), and compare it with the forklift’s load centre as indicated in the rated or lift capacity chart. In most cases, the load centre of a forklift is usually 500mm from the face of the forks, although some are rated at 600mm. 


  • If the centre of gravity of the load is more than the machine’s load centre, the carrying capacity must be reduced for the reach and height. 


  • Before a load is lifted, both the forklift and load need to be on level ground to prevent damage to the load or supporting pallet where the forks are not level. 


  • Forks should be spaced so that they are of equal width from the forklifts centre line, and spaced so that a load is fully supported, particularly if it is on a wooden pallet. Fork spacing’s that are too wide or too narrow can lead to an unsupported or unstable load. 


  • During all lifting and placing operations, the handbrake must be applied each time the machine is stopped, and hydraulic functions used. 


  • Where operators have relied on holding the machine using the footbrake, incidents have occurred as the forklift has moved when the operator hasn’t applied enough brake pressure. Even a slight movement can cause an incident. Stability 
  • Masted forklifts overturn when they become unstable for a wide range of reasons, and operators need to understand the conditions that can cause instability, both longitudinally (front and rear) and laterally (sideways). 


  • Before any load is carried, the operator must check the manufacturer’s maximum rated capacity for the machine, the load centre that applies and where any de-rating must be undertaken. 


  • Where a large load is to be carried and the centre of gravity of that load exceeds the machine’s load centre, then the carrying capacity must be reduced. 


  • Longitudinal stability of a forklift is maintained by the counterbalance effect, which is when the weight towards the rear of the machine overcomes the weight of the load on the forks. Increasing the load on the forks reduces the counterbalance effect, making the machine less stable. 


  • If a load is being lifted or placed where the forklift is facing downhill on a slope, the load overcomes the counterbalance effect due to a movement of the forklift’s centre of gravity, and this could cause longitudinal instability and the forklift at risk of tipping forward. 


  • Raising a load can further affect stability. If a load is raised to full height with full back tilt of the mast applied, the machine’s centre of gravity moves both upwards and rearwards. 


  • If a load is lifted and the forklift is leaning sideways, the machine is less stable. The higher the load is lifted, the greater the risk of the forklift turning over sideways. 


  • No loads should be lifted unless the forklift is level and the ground firm and stable enough to support the weight of the forklift and load. 


  • Most forklifts can carry a suspended load but carrying a load suspended from the forks can be hazardous and requires proper planning by a competent person. 


  • The effect of any load swing with a suspended load can cause the forklift to exceed safe limits which can be caused by travelling and turning too quickly, and external factors such as the effects of the wind on loads having a large surface area. 


  • Travelling with suspended loads can restrict forward vision, for which measures must be taken such as travelling in reverse and with suitable assistance. 


  • Even if travelling unladen or with lights loads, forklifts have rolled over when the operator has turned too sharply and the sharper the turn e.g. when turning through 90 degrees, the higher the risk of an overturn. Instability of the forklift increases as either speeds or turning angle increases, whether loaded or not. 


  • Travelling with a raised mast is hazardous, and greatly increases instability, particularly on uneven ground and also when turning left or right, even if a turn is undertaken gently and on level ground. 


  • Where a load needs to be placed at height, the forklift must be on firm level ground and facing the placing point prior to raising the load. 


  • Travelling up and down slopes requires care and for which certain requirements need to be followed. In the first instance, the operator needs to know the maximum gradient of the slope the forklift can be travelled on, and the direction of travel, which can differ depending on whether it is carrying a load or is unladen. 


  • In principle, if the forklift is carrying a load up an incline, then it would normally be driven forwards up the slope and reversed down the slope. If unladen, the opposite applies – the forklift is reversed up the slope and driven down the slope. When driving up a slope with a load, the mast needs to be slightly tilted back and the forks and load kept just clear of the ground but as low as possible.

Should you have any questions then please do not hesitate to call. 07711 306605 |